Roles of Knitting, Dyeing, and Printing in the Quality of Fabric
It is essential to note that dying, knitting and printing tends to be essential especially on matters pertaining how a fabric appears and feel. Dyeing is a process where the color of the fabric tends to be changed. Yard dyeing, for example, is a process where dying tend to happen on yarns with the intention of producing checks, gingham, woven stripes and many other special effects on clothing. In a situation where one wants to ensure a denim construction, one would need to combine blue dyed warp yarns and while filling yarns. The piece tends to be passed through padded rollers with the intention of spreading color evenly through the piece of cloth and at the same time remove excess liquid.
Package dyeing is yet another common method of yarn dyeing which involves winding of yarn on perforated cylinders which are then placed on vertical spindles on around dying machine. The dye tends to be pressurized both from the inside as well as from the outside. There also tend to be more accuracy especially where one utilizes computers. It would be possible for one to print a fabric easily especially where he or she has the right skill material and the machine. It also calls for long runs of the same fabric design to be produced on a roller printer at a speed of 50 to 100 yards per minutes.
Automatic screen printing is yet another method of printing which involves ensuring colored design on the fabric. This method is known to producing more intricate designs, larger designs and various handcrafted effects although it tends to be slower than roller printing. Flatbed screen printing tends to be reproduced on a fine mesh of screen with each mesh supposed to deal with a single color. One would also excempt some parts of the fabric from dye by covering with lacquer or any other dye resistant coating. Depending on what one wants, it is possible to have up 16 colors on a fabric.
Design and durability highly relies on the finishing one puts after printing. Depending on what one wants, hundreds of finishes can be applied to the textile. One would need to note that cotton tend to be properly finished when compared to other types of fabrics. One would also need to know that the finishing tend to influence the feel and the look of a fabric with some finishing making it possible to add a durable press, flame resistance, water repellency, shrinkage control among other effects. Depending on what one wants, it is also possible to add more than one finish to a single fabric for durability and aesthetic values of the fabric and the final clothing in question.