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Advantages and Disadvantages of Mammography Screening

Although it has its side effects, mammography screening is a program offered at a certain cost and in intervals, and is designed for the purpose of early cancer detection which assists in lowering the rates of deaths and also improving therapeutic options. Currently, mammography screening is the only proved method to meet the needs above. The following paragraphs will discuss on three advantages of Mammography and four of its disadvantages, starting with the advantages.
Mortality reduction is the first advantage and the major goal of mammography screening but requires many years to be effective as death from all types of cancer occur during the advanced stages hence it is hard to assess it. Mortality reduction for women participating in this program is estimated to reduce by over 35% for women participating in the program an 15% to 30% to all women receiving medical attention.
The other advantage of mammography screening is the improvement of the probability of early disease treatment through early detection which leads to reduced mastectomies number, reduced chemotherapy, and better results in the case of breast conservation.
The last advantage is that there is improved quality assurance of the diagnostic chain where promising infrastructure has been put in place so as to optimize the coordination and cooperation of different sections of diagnostic chain due to the cases of detection without subsequent assessments.
On the cons of this program, it is worth noting that taking a women to the risks of radiation and other risks where, while using the mamografia digital methods , a dosage of 4mGy is offered per breast, which decrease with age since the women who are past 40 years of age are affected less and have a very little chance of dying due to breast cancer, compared to the rest.
The second shortcoming of this program is that there is a risk of a false alarm, where, like all medical tests, mammography screening may sense abnormalities which ask for further assessment and still turn out to be benign, yet only few women are recalled to take the screen again meaning that they may take the false alarm with them as the results.
The last disadvantage of this program is that it comes with a risk of over diagnosis, a case which is made real by the discovery of more cancers by the screening, which if there were no scans, would not have become apparent, a disadvantage since the screening, in such a case does not help in reducing mortality and this can be proved by a study that proved that people who undergo the mammography scan have more likelihood of having breast cancer than those who do not, when age and composition remained the same for both groups. read more now

Source: explanation